Annapurna Unnat Chulha


Four out of every five rural and one out of every five urban households primarily depend  on direct burning of solid  biomass fuel like fuel wood, crop residue  and  cattle  dung in  traditional mud stove/ three stone fire for cooking.

Such traditional cooking practice is characterized by incomplete combustion of biomass fuels resulting in emission of toxic smoke. Women (and accompanying children) who get exposed to this smoke every day during cooking food in a mud stove, particularly in poorly  ventilated kitchens, face increased risk of pneumonia, respiratory  diseases,  etc. Kitchen smoke is responsible for half a million premature deaths in India annually. The toxic smoke also contains climate change agents like carbon monoxide and black carbon. Such traditional mud stoves also have low thermal efficiency (~15%)that  results in high fuel consumption (~1 kg/person/day of firewood)   thereby contributing to deforestation in some areas.

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